Common Signs of Periodontal Disease
WHAT IS PERIODONTAL DISEASE?
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a progressive disease that affects the gums. Periodontal disease can be a silent disease. Sometimes people may not even know they have it until the disease is in its advanced stage. Periodontal disease in its advanced stage can cause pain, discomfort and even tooth loss.
The early stages of periodontal disease is called gingivitis. With gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen and bleed easily. Fortunately, gingivitis can be reversed through daily brushing and flossing and professional cleanings. However, if oral hygiene is poor and gingivitis persists, it can lead to periodontal disease.
Bacteria in plaque is the main cause of periodontal disease. This is why good oral hygiene is so important. If plaque is not removed properly it begins to harden and turn into calculus. Unfortunately calculus cannot be removed by brushing or flossing and it will continue to form and build up. Periodontal disease begins when this buildup of plaque and calculus, left on teeth, begins to attack the gingival tissue (gums) that surrounds teeth.
The bacteria in plaque sets itself in the gums and begins to breed causing a bacterial infection. If the plaque, bacteria and infection is left untreated it progresses and causes inflammation between the gums and teeth. The gums begin to recede because it is the body’s way of trying to respond to the disease and destroy the infected tissue caused by the disease.
If the disease continues to progress deeper pockets form between the teeth and gums. This progression can begin to affect the tissue that makes up the jawbone causing the teeth to become loose and eventually lead to tooth loss. Because periodontal disease can cause so many issues with your teeth and gums it’s extremely important to watch for signs of the disease. Signs to watch for include:
- Red, swollen or tender gums
- Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing
- Receding gums
- Loose teeth
- Pus between gums and teeth
- Sores in mouth
- Bad breath and bad taste in mouth
- Changes in bite
- Pain when chewing
- Sensitivity to hot and cold
If you have any of the signs above you may be experiencing early or advanced signs of periodontal disease. Contacting Prescott Periodontics and Implant Dentistry is your first step to healthier teeth and gums. Our office provides advanced treatment of periodontal disease. Our team is here to assist you and address any of your concerns. Contact our office today for a consultation.