Periodontal disease is an infection of the gum tissue and bone that surrounds and supports the teeth. If periodontal disease is untreated and progresses, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorates. Periodontal disease is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. A lot of people believe that tooth loss is a common occurrence that comes with age. This is not the case. It is possible, with proper care, to keep teeth for a lifetime. Good oral hygiene, as well as routine cleanings and check ups, will help to prevent gum disease or periodontal disease. Symptoms of periodontal disease are bleeding, red or swollen gums, constant bad breath or bad taste in mouth, gum recession, inflamed gums, tenderness or loose teeth. Although plaque and calculus are the main causes of periodontal disease, there are other factors that can increase the risk of developing the disease. These factors include medications, smoking or chewing tobacco, poor oral hygiene, genetics, pregnancy, and diabetes.
Periodontal disease is a disease that affects about 75% of the worlds population. This is a significant amount of people affected by this disease. This is extremely important to note especially since periodontal disease doesn’t just affect the mouth. As of recently a correlation has been recognized between periodontal disease and other diseases like cardiovascular disease, diabetes and stroke. Bacteria that is associated with periodontal disease can cause health problems if it enters the bloodstream. Periodontal disease is a disease and is classified as an “inflammatory” disease. Inflammation is not good for the body regardless of where it is. Treating the inflammation or periodontal disease will lead to not only a healthier mouth but also a healthier body.